How Do Flame Retardants Work?
Fire is a chemical reaction between oxygen and a fuel, triggered by energy (an ignition source or heat).
The presence of heat, fuel and air in a fire can act in concert to propagate combustion until one or more is removed. Heat causes the thermal degradation of fuel into combustible gases and heats the air, making it more reactive. Flammable gases combine with air to generate a fire. The fire in turn releases heat, which continues the cycle.
The Fire Triangle
Brominated Flame Retardants are, in many circumstances, the most effective chemical to prevent ignition or a fire from developing.